Canadian Macedonian Historical Society

When Bad Things Happened in the 19th Century to Good Macedonian People, by Risto Stefov

November 17, 2003

Risto Stefov delivered an interesting overview of our history, touching on early history, but concentrating on what happened during the 19th Century that affected what is happening in and to Macedonia today. He divided his talk into the following categories.

Early History

  1. The Byzantine Empire
  2. Byzantine Religion and Language
  3. The Rise of the Ottoman Empire
  4. Ottoman Religion and Rule

The People of the 19th Century

  1. The Macedonians
  2. The Turks, Vlachs, Roma, Jews, Pomaks, Tosks, Ghegs
  3. The Phanariots, Bashi-bazouks, Ianitsari

The 19th Century Economy

  1. The European Economic Revolution
  2. The Balkans - a market for the Great Powers
  3. The Decline of the Balkan Economy

The Great Powers and their Goals in the Balkans

  1. Russia
  2. Britain
  3. France
  4. Austria-Hungary
  5. Italy
  6. Germany
  7. The Ottoman

Historical Milestones

  1. 1774 - Russia defeats Turkey, gain access to Black Sea, becomes protector of Christians
  2. 1798 - Napoleon Invades Egypt, Turkey sends army from Balkans to fight back
  3. 1804 - Ianitsari take control, Serbians Rebel
  4. 1815 - Napoleon Defeated,
  5. 1821 - Greece plans three prong rebellion, fails miserably
  6. 1830 - Russia Loses patience with Turkey, Greece Becomes a nation for the first time
  7. 1853 - Great Power, power struggle and the Crimean War
  8. 1875 - Turkey wins war, becomes bankrupt and causes the Eastern Crisis
  9. 1878 - Russian venturous haste creates Greater Bulgaria and the San Stefano Treaty
  10. 1878 - Great Power Greed and the Congress of Berlin


  1. Effects of Ottoman Rule on the good Macedonian People
  2. Effects of European Imperialism on the Macedonian Economy
  3. Effects of Great Power meddling in Balkan Politics
  4. Effects of the Berlin Congress on the good Macedonian people
  5. What does the future hold for Macedonia beyond 1878?


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Prof. Christina Kramer

Including book launches for
"My Father's Books"
"The Time of the Goats"
"Freud's Sister"

March 3, 2013

Republic of Macedonia Consul General

July 2012

Macedonian Open Golf Tournament 2012


Happy 70th

The Best Promoter of Macedonia

Children of the Greek Civil War

By Loring M. Danforth and Riki Van Boeschoten (Feb. 12, 2012)

Happy 20th Anniversary


November 11, 2011

Skype Lecture from Macedonia

Reassessing the Demotic Text of the

Rosetta Stone

May 11, 2011

"Let me tell you a story..." A Symposium of Immigration to Canada 2010

"Get to Know Us" A documentary film about the history of the Jews in Macedonia. Directed by Marjia Makeska. Overview with Dr. Christina Kramer. 01/24/10


Artist Michael Close and the Canadian Macedonian Historical Society donate art work to the Prime Ministers of Canada and the Republic of Macedonia

The Creation of the Macedonian Literary Language - Dr. Kosta Peev - Author of Lexicon of Macedonian Dialects from Southeastern Aegean Macedonia
Canadian Macedonian Artist Michael Close - on his work and Mother Teresa. 
BOOK LAUNCH - "Macedonia and the Macedonians - A History" By Professor Andrew Rossos - 2008
1913 Treaty of Bucharest (Macedonia’s Partition) By Risto Stefov May 19, 2008
BOOK LAUNCH - "Men in White Aprons" - November 25, 2007
"Let me tell you a story..." A Symposium of Immigration to Canada 2007
Video Interview with Alex Gigeroff July 2006 
Men in White Aprons - Lecture by Professor Harry Herman 2006 » 
Grand Opening of the CMHS Library and Resource Centre 2005 »
Em Baba Em Nevesta, Lecture by Dr. Kathy Dimitrievski 2005 »
The Prize Winning Documentary "The Children of 1948" 2005 »
Carabram Multicultural Festival in Brampton, Ontario 2004 »
25th Anniversary of Canadian Macedonian Place - Lecture with Olga Naumoff and Sotir Nitchov 2004 »
World Premier of the Documentary - "Just Arrived" 2004 »
JSG Gandeto - The Ancient Macedonians and Ancient Greeks 2003 »
Lerin Society's Annual Picnic 2003 »
Open Doors Event at the Toronto Archives 2003 »
Ceremony Commemorating the Death of Gotse Delchev 2003 »
Historical Society's Annual General Meeting 2003 »
Kramer, Stoymenoff: Language and Identity in the Village of Vrbnik 2003 »
Special Showing of "Dust" with Director, Milcho Manchevski 2003 »
Rossos: The Macedonian Question and Instability in the Balkans 2003 »
Stefov: When Bad Things Happened to Good Macedonian People 2003 »
Macedonian Kolede Costume Ball 1996
From Baba's Hope Chest Macedonian Treasures in Canada 1995
First Annual Banquet 1993
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